This report is one of the effects of actions taken by the regulator in order to monitor the developments of services on the postal market. Their analysis helps in identifying trends which characterize the directions of development and outline a vision of the ultimate model of this market.
After a period of dynamic growth, the number of private postal operators has stabilized. Since 2006, however, most of the indicators characterizing the market (the number of registered and active private postal operators, the volume of services performed by them and the volume of postal services market in general) show an upward trend.
Changes in the market, however, are not characterized by a high growth, as it was occurring during the initial period of its functioning. It can be assumed that since many operators counted on market opening in 2009, the decision to postpone a full liberalization of the postal market in Poland contributed to the slowdown in the pace of its development.
The importance of the opening of the market for its development should be assessed primarily in the context of the size of the reserved area, ie the market share, which is reserved for the public operator. This area represents approximately 3/4 of the total market for postal services (excluding non-addressed printed form) and generates about half the revenue. Both the size of the volume and value of earnings in the period 2006-2009 remained stable. The main beneficiary of the profits from the activities in this relatively stable area of the market remains Poczta Polska, whose participation in the overall volume of parcels in 2009 amounted to 99.96%, and earnings - 99.94%. This is in accordance with the intentions of the legislator, who established a reserved area in order to finance the obligation to provide universal postal services.
The report was prepared based on the information from the reports of the postal activities in 2009 of postal operators, which are annually presented to the President of UKE. Reports for the year 2009 have been submitted by the public operator Poczta Polska and 125 private operators.
The report is available in Polish.