On the basis of international treaties, Poland obtained two orbital positions, i.e.:
The first position for a telecommunications satellite is difficult to use as it is surrounded by big constellations of Hot Bird satellites (position 13,0 E) owned by Eutelsat and ASTRA satellites (positions 19,2 E and 23,5 E) covering the territory of Poland and operating in the frequency range provided for in the plan for the Polish satellite. Nation-wide coverage obliges the operator to use footprint in the shape of an ellipse with precisely defined dimensions and oriented towards as precise coverage of a national area as possible. It prevents the satellite from being used for the purposes of international communications.
The second position of a broadcasting satellite is convenient from the perspective of technical parameters. The disadvantage is however that it is to be shared with the countries with unstable economic situation and also political, at least in some of these countries. This means that the possibilities for launching a single satellite for several countries and incurring common costs of its maintenance are faint. National coverage is an additional obstacle from a business point of view. Orbital position 50,0 E requires the use of antennas oriented exclusively towards this satellite.
In the course of its work, the Team for the concept of Polish orbital resources management conducted an analysis of forecasts for the development of satellite communications systems by the leading institutions and of prospects for the development of these systems in Poland. The Team also analysed the attempts at the development of such systems in Poland over the last decade (POLSPACE, WorldSpace).
In its work the Team considered documents of the European Commission (White Paper of November 2003. Space: a new European frontier for an expanding Union), and of the Committee for Space and Satellite Research of the Polish Academy of Science (Action strategy concerning space in the context of Poland’s membership of the European Union).
In its final report the Team will present options for the management of orbital resources in Poland to the President of URTiP.