The Polish postal market has been subjected to systematic changes in
recent years as a result of the gradual market liberalization as well as
business and residential customers’ demand on postal services.
The year 2014 was the second year when the operation of the Act of 23
November 2012 might be observed. – The Postal Law (the Journal of Laws
of 2012, item 1529), which implemented the 2008/6/EC Directive of the
European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 into the
Polish legal system. The indicated Directive amended the 97/67/EC
Directive with regard to the full accomplishment of the Community
internal market postal services requiring the European Union member
states to liberalize the postal services market.
The Polish postal market has been subjected to systematic changes in recent years as a result of the gradual market liberalization as well as business and residential customers’ demand on postal services. In addition, the development of competition significantly affected the formation of new postal services and the modernization of the existing ones and various ways of providing postal services.
According to the statistics at the end of 2014, except for the designated operator, which is Poczta Polska S.A. (the Polish Post S.A.), the register of postal operators led by the President of UKE included 294 units. However, not all registered operators were actually engaged in postal activity. According to the submitted reports on postal activity in 2014, there were 166 postal operators, including the designated operator and 165 alternative operators.
The dominant entity with respect to the majority of services provided on the domestic and foreign postal market was still Poczta Polska S.A. In 2014 the designated operator completed nearly 1.8 billion postal services (universal services, the services falling within the scope of universal services, courier shipment and other postal services), which resulted in over 4.6 billion PLN revenue. The indicated number of services included more than 0.7 billion of universal services the revenue of which exceeded 2.9 billion PLN. On the other hand, alternative postal operators realized almost 4.2 billion postal services in total on domestic and foreign markets, which generated over 2.9 billion PLN revenue.
Data analysis in the field of the postal services market reveals that this market continues to show an upward trend on a global basis. The decline in revenues from traditional letter mail services is compensated by increased sales from other postal services, enriched by added value.
The report on the state of the postal market for 2013 was prepared in accordance with Art. 43 paragraph 6 of the Act of 23 November 2012 – the Postal Law (the Journal of Laws of 2012, item 1529), based on information from postal operators in accordance with Art. 43 paragraph 1 and 2 of the aforementioned Act. The provisions obliged postal operators to submit reports on postal activity in 2014 to the President of the Office of Electronic Communications.
The full report is available in English.